Daniele published a new paper about magnetic analysis on dikes

10 November, 2020

Anisotropy of Magnetic Susceptibility (AMS) is a valid tool to investigate magma flow direction
within dikes. However, geometrically inverse magnetic fabric characterized by maximum magnetic
susceptibility axis (kmax) perpendicular to the dike wall may complicate the interpretation of flow
trajectories. To better understand the nature of this fabric, we present a multiscale study on 19 dikes
in the Miocene Alftafjordur volcanic system (Iceland), where 80% of the samples show a
geometrically inverse magnetic fabric. We carried out (1) AMS measurements at different magnetic fields
and temperatures, along with Anisotropy of Anhysteretic Remanent Magnetization (AARM) analysis;
(2) hysteresis loops and FORC diagrams; (3) thin section analysis; (4) structural fieldwork. A variable
Ti‐content (0.1 < x < 0.6, Fe3‐xTixO4) titanomagnetite is the main magnetic carrier, and the contribution of
the paramagnetic elongated crystals to the magnetic fabric is negligible. Single domain is not the prevailing
domain state of the magnetic particles, suggesting that its occurrence cannot be the main cause for the
inverse fabric. AMS analysis at different fields and temperatures along with AARM allow us to exclude any
mineral phase change of the titanomagnetite across the dike. Nevertheless, kmax is parallel to a diffuse
horizontal column‐like fracture pattern perpendicularly oriented with respect to the dike strike.
This suggests that the Ti‐magnetite mineral orientation during dike cooling was affected by the fracture
network progressively developing columnar basalts. This study demonstrates that the interpretation of
AMS data on old and deep volcanic bodies is not straightforward and observations at different scales are

Link to the paper: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2020JB020306